Castle Howard

Castle Howard

In the civil parish of Henderskelfe, 15 miles (24 km), North of York, Castle Howard is a stately house located in North Yorkshire, England. Castle Howard is a residential house and has been host to the Howard family’s Carlisle branch for almost 300 years. Castle Howard, a splendid stately house dating back to the 17th century in Yorkshire, has become an immensely popular attraction among 1 000 acres of countryside gardens and forests. Castle Howard isn’t really a fortified construction, but it’s occasionally called “Castle” in the name of an English home erected on the site of an ancient castle. Currently Castle Howard belongs to the heritage houses group of the Treasure Houses of England.

History of the Castle Howard

The first Earl of Carlisle, Charles Howard (1629-1685), was Lord William Howard’s great grandson (1563-1640), Thomas Howard’s youngest child, the Duke of Norfolk, whom marital skills contributed to his death. ‘Belted Will’ took Henderskelfe’s heritage of his wife, Elizabeth Dacre, in Yorkshire, today’s Castle Howard. Constructed in 1661 by Charles Howard, the third Earl of Carlisle (1679-1738), it was Charles’ grandson who was renowned for his Castle Howard. Ever since, eight generations of the Howard family have possessed Castle Howard: each of these had various traits to guide this great Castle Howard and land through many hundreds of problems. While construction work began in 1699, the development of Howard Castle took more than a hundred years to finish.  The 3rd Earl in Carlisle was helped by the playwright John Vanbrugh, his friend. Nicholas Hawksmoor was employed by Vanbrugh to aid in the practical side of design and structure, which progressed from 1699 to 1702. The Castle Howard was built in less than ten years from east to west.

Castle Howard

By 1725, the major part of the outside was completed and its inside was luxurious when an illustration appeared in Vitrova Britannicos (The British Architect). Nevertheless, the Castle Howard was unfinished when Vanbrugh passed away in 1726; Castle Howard was without a western wing as the gardens had been landscaped. When the 3rd Earl died in 1738, it was still unfinished. Nobody could have thought that Vanbrugh’s extravagant baroque architecture would be completed by the 4th Earl’s conservative Palladian wing whenever the home was finished by Carlisle sons-in-law Sir Thomas Robinson. The uneven aspect of the house from outside caused a mixed response and a lot of people noted the unrest. Ultimately, in 1801-11, the structures of Castle Howard were finished with the decorating of Tatham’s Long Gallery. Additional changes had to be made as both sides of the West Wing were detached from the attic pavilions during the renovation of the chapel from 1870 to 1875 in order to harmonize both wings.

Therefore, the House’s final appearance today has a temporary likeness to the idealized perspective in Vitruvius Britannicus rather than just two equal wings; the House has two wings which don’t fit: it is impressively asymmetrical, as Palladian after thinking is disapproved to Vanbrugh’s baroque imagination. A fire broke out at Castle Howard on the morning of 9 November 1940. The incident started as a fire in the south eastern portion of the South Front and raced across the structure westwards. In the basement, the main and top floors as well as the dome, which crashed into to the Great Hall, the flames damaged rooms with strong winds. Regarding the fire service, which afterwards controlled the flames and the girls attending Queen Margaret’s School Scarborough, who have been evacuated to Castle Howard and could save some items, these damages were not more extreme.

 Almost a third of the structure was exposed to the sky and the dome was the greatest architectural damage. In time the waste was cleared and the structure secured, and temporary roofing and new windows were placed on the damaged areas of the building. 20 years would have passed before substantial reconstruction work started. George Howard and Lady Cecilia made amazing measures to repair Castle Howard to become a family residence and an important historical landmark. The Dome was renovated and restored in 1960-62, while the Garden Hall was reconstructed in 1981, together with Granada TV and the filming of Brideshead Revisited. The endeavor to restore the damaged areas proceeds as energy and cost allowed, and the Central Block was re-rooted in 1994-5. Restoration and maintenance work is being done all over the area, extending from of the huge masonry structures, floor roofs, gardens, lakes and waterways to little but no less precious artifacts as plummeting statues, artworks, literature and fabrics.

Castle Howard

The Castle Howard today

Currently Castle Howard offers rich pieces of works, architecture and heritage, gathered over many Howard generations with its numerous artworks, tapestries, sculptures and furnishings. Guides are located throughout the home to tell visitors about the past, and admission tours are provided to the house and the garden. Not only is the property attractive – 1000 acres of walking woodlands and lake walks allow guests to explore the wonderfully groomed grounds and rich horticulture. The home is a very special attraction. The terrain comprises the Rose Flower Garden, the Arboretum of Ray Wooden, fountains, lakes, the Mausoleum and the Collections of Statues. The Howard castle offers a fantastic family day, with children’s games and playgrounds and a delightful route by the train to the gardens.

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3 thoughts on “Castle Howard”

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